O que é este blog?
Este blog trata basicamente de ideias, se possível inteligentes, para pessoas inteligentes. Ele também se ocupa de ideias aplicadas à política, em especial à política econômica. Ele constitui uma tentativa de manter um pensamento crítico e independente sobre livros, sobre questões culturais em geral, focando numa discussão bem informada sobre temas de relações internacionais e de política externa do Brasil. Para meus livros e ensaios ver o website: www.pralmeida.org.
quinta-feira, 13 de outubro de 2016
Economia Keynesiana e Anti-Keynesiana: numero desbalanceado - What's Wrong with Keynesian Economic Theory? (book)
(O editor confessa que gostaria de ter intitulado um precedente livro seu: Anti-Kenesyan Reader, mas que acabou saindo com um título mais moderado. Agora o título é mais direto.)
What's Wrong with Keynesian Economic Theory?
It is a collection of readings by thirteen different economists from across the non-Keynesian economic spectrum, who find Keynesian economic theory a disastrous guide to economic policy.
As an indication of how necessary this book is, let me take you to Henry Hazlitt's 1959, The Failure of the New Economics.
‘There must be hundreds of economic books that may be variously described as Keynesian, pro-Keynesian, semi-Keynesian, or “post-Keynesian,” and there must be thousands of such pamphlets and articles; but there is a great dearth when we come to any literature since 1936 that may be described as definitely anti-Keynesian – in the sense that it is explicitly and consistently critical of the major Keynesian doctrines. In the works of such writers as Ludwig von Mises, F.A. Hayek, Wilhelm Röpke, Frank H. Knight, Jacques Rueff, and others, we do indeed have an impressive non-Keynesian literature, based on “neo-classical” premises, with occasional explicit criticism of Keynesian tenets. But full-length books exclusively devoted to a critical analysis of Keynesianism may be counted on the fingers of one hand.’ (Hazlitt 1959: 437)
Possibly the strangest phenomenon in all of economics is the absence of a long tradition of criticism focused on Keynesian economic theory. Keynesian demand management has been at the centre of some of the worst economic outcomes in history, from the great stagflation of the 1970s to the lost decade and more in Japan following the expenditure program of the 1990s. And once again, following the Global Financial Crisis, it is incontrovertible that no stimulus program in any part of the world has been a success, each one having been abandoned as conditions deteriorated under the weight of public sector spending. This book brings together some of the most vocal critics of Keynesian economics. Each author attempts to explain what is wrong with Keynesian theory in ways that can be understood by those seeking guidance on where to turn for a more accurate explanation of the business cycle and on what to do when recessions occur.
One of the most striking phenomena in all of economics is the absence of a deep tradition of criticism focused on Keynesian economic theory. There have been critics but they are few and far between, even though Keynesian demand management has been at the centre of some of the worst economic outcomes in history, from the great stagflation of the 1970s to the twenty-year ‘lost decade’ in Japan that has been ongoing since the 1990s, and now, once again, the dismal recoveries that have followed the Global Financial Crisis. This book brings together some of the most vocal critics of Keynesian economics of the present time.
Each author attempts to explain what is wrong with Keynesian theory for those seeking guidance on where to turn for a more accurate explanation of the business cycle and what to do when recessions occur. The contributions are by scholars from a wide number of schools of economics, which include but are not restricted to Austrian, monetarist and classical perspectives. Written not just for economists, this accessible book is one of the few anti-Keynesian texts available and explains the inability of public spending and lower interest rates to have restored robust economic growth and full employment after the GFC.
The collection offers an antidote to contemporary macroeconomic theory. It is an essential text for anyone wishing to understand why no stimulus has been able to bring recovery to any economy in which it has been tried.
P. Boettke, P.L. Bylund, T. Congdon, R.M. Ebeling, R.W. Garrison, S. Horwitz, S. Kates, A. Kling, A.B. Laffer, P. Newman, G. Reisman, D. Simpson, M. Skousen, P. Smith
1. The Keynesian Liquidity Trap: An Austrian Critique
Peter Boettke and Patrick Newman
2. What the Entrepreneurial Problem Reveals about Keynesian Macroeconomics
Per L. Bylund
3. A Critique of Two Key Concepts in Keynesian Textbooks
4. The Misdirection of Keynesian Aggregates for Understanding Monetary and Cyclical Processes
Richard M. Ebeling
5. Cycles and Slumps in an Overly Aggregated Theoretical Framework
Roger W. Garrison
6. The Problems with Keynesianism: A View from Austrian Capital Theory
7. The Dangers of Keynesian Economics
8. The Problem of Keynesian Aggregation
9. What’s Wrong with Keynesian Economists?
Arthur B. Laffer
10. Capital, Saving and Employment
11. What’s Wrong With Keynesian Economics?
12. Move Over Keynes: Replacing Keynesianism with a Better Model
13. The Conclusive Fault Line in Keynesian Economics