This textbook, the first comprehensive comparative study ever undertaken, surveys and compares the world’s ten largest diplomatic services: those of Brazil, China, France, Germany, India, Japan, Russia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Chapters cover the distinctive histories and cultures of the services, their changing role in foreign policy making, and their preparations for the new challenges of the twenty-first century.
Brazil excerpt: “The election of President Jair Bolsonaro and his appointment of Ernesto Araújo as foreign minister marked a sharp departure in Brazilian diplomacy—and a dramatic reversal of the globally focused foreign policy of Lula. Fifty-one years old and having only recently risen to ambassadorial rank, Araújo promised “to liberate Brazilian foreign policy” through a religious-based nationalism. Where this orientation will lead and how long it will last are open questions. Certainly, the Brazilian Foreign Service faces a challenging period ahead. Yet one suspects that Celso Amorim is right that “Brazil is too important to stay out of global issues,” and that the enduring historical and geopolitical factors that contributed to Itamaraty’s historic role will, sooner or later, reassert themselves. Current Brazilian diplomats may take comfort in the words of former minister Rubens Ricupero: “The values that Rio Branco espoused—peace, moderation, trust in international law, non-intervention and what would now be called the pursuit of soft power—became integral to Brazil’s idea of itself.”
Authors: Maria Pereyra-Vera, Daniel Jimenez, Robert Hutchings (The University of Texas in Austin)