O que é este blog?

Este blog trata basicamente de ideias, se possível inteligentes, para pessoas inteligentes. Ele também se ocupa de ideias aplicadas à política, em especial à política econômica. Ele constitui uma tentativa de manter um pensamento crítico e independente sobre livros, sobre questões culturais em geral, focando numa discussão bem informada sobre temas de relações internacionais e de política externa do Brasil. Para meus livros e ensaios ver o website: www.pralmeida.org. Para a maior parte de meus textos, ver minha página na plataforma Academia.edu, link: https://itamaraty.academia.edu/PauloRobertodeAlmeida;

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sexta-feira, 26 de setembro de 2014

The Drama of Brazilian Politics: From Dom Joao to Marina Silva - Ted Goertzel and Paulo Roberto de Almeida (eds); Kindle ebook

Um novo livro quase saíndo do forno, minha gente, bem a tempo de ser lido ainda antes do primeiro turno das eleições presidenciais.
Qualquer que seja o resultado dessas eleições, no primeiro ou no segundo turno, o livro se sustenta, pelo seu caráter menos conjunturalista, e mais estrutural e analítico.
Eis o esquema do livro, e o seu Prefácio e a Introdução.
Estou revisando algumas coisas, preparando o expediente, providenciando um ISBN e escolhendo a capa, com meu amigo Ted Goertzel, um brasilianista da velha escola (como eu, aliás).
Paulo Roberto de Almeida
 
The Drama of Brazilian Politics:

From Dom João to Marina Silva


Edited by:

Ted Goertzel and

Paulo Roberto de Almeida

Dedicated to all Brazilians and their Foreign friends who are actively engaged in the building up of a modern democratic nation.


Table of Contents


Introduction, by Ted Goertzel
1.        The Drama of Brazilian Politics: from Dom Pedro to Marina Silva, by Ted Goertzel
2.        The Politics of Economic Regime Change in Brazilian History, by Paulo Roberto Almeida
3.        The Brazilian Presidency from the Military Regime to the Workers’ Party by João Paulo M. Peixoto
4.        A Woman’s Place is in the Presidency: Dilma, Marina and Women’s Representation in Brazil by Farida Jalalzai and Pedro G. dos Santos. 
5.        A Brazilian ex-President’s Public Speech: A Threat to the Existing Order? By Inês Signorini          
6.        Life without Turnstiles by Alipio de Sousa Filho
7.        The Changing Face of Brazilian Politics by Sue Branford and Jan Rocha
8.        Political Leadership and Protest in Brazil: The 2013 Vinegar Revolt in Comparative Perspective by Guy Burton
9.        Presidential Leadership and Regime Change in Brazil with Comparisons to the United States and Spanish America by Ted Goertzel
Authors

 
Preface
            This book was conceived by Ted Goertzel in the summer of 2012 as part of his life-long interest in Brazil and “elective affinity” with things Brazilian, going back to his days as a participant observer in the Brazilian student protests of 1966 to 1968. After publishing biographies of two of Brazil’s presidents, he found that there was very little scholarly literature on the role of the presidency in Brazilian politics and society. Rather than undertake such a comprehensive study on his own, he decided to consult some members of the Brazilian Studies Association to find colleagues who shared an interest in putting the Brazilian presidency in an historical perspective and a comparative context.
The experts who responded came from different countries – Brazil, England and the United States – and varied widely in their ideological and dispositions and professional backgrounds. We have made no effort to homogenize the chapters; each has a clear authorial voice. Paulo Roberto de Almeida, a diplomat doublé as academic, responded very enthusiastically to this project, and was able to contribute with his life-long acquaintance of all-things Brazilian and as well as a deep knowledge of American Brazilianists, a by-product of his “elective affinities” with this community of scholars.
The Brazilian Protests of mid-2013 took place as we were working on this project and stimulated us to think as much about Brazil’s future as its past. While the protests were largely unexpected in Brazil, they fitted into theories of presidential leadership and regime change. We wanted to use our historical and comparative research to offer what insight we could into the future.
We also wanted to make our work available in October, 2014, when interest would be high because of the Brazilian presidential elections. So we took advantage of e-book technology to bring the reader a volume that is both timelier and less expensive than traditionally published volumes. We plan to use the same technology to update the volume after the elections, and we invite readers to contact us with comments and suggestions, as well as with corrections for any errors they may find.
We expect this work to offer, both for scholars and for the general public, a comprehensive understanding of the Brazilian political system in its contemporary developments and challenges.
Ted Goertzel
Paulo Roberto de Almeida
September 2014


Introduction

By Ted Goertzel


This book is suitable for students of Latin American history, politics and economics, as well as for journalists, diplomats, activists, business people, and anyone interested in Brazil. It is up-to-date, but also deeply rooted in Brazilian history and in a concern with lasting social problems. The chapters can be read separately, although readers sketchy on Brazilian history might do best to begin with the first chapter, by ted Goertzel, which introduces the fascinating characters who played and are playing the leading roles in the drama of Brazilian politics.
The second chapter, by Paulo Roberto Almeida, covers Brazilian economic history from the time of the Empire to the present day. It is eminently readable with no economic abstractions, but with some statistical information. It focuses on major changes in the economic regime, not on day-to-day fluctuations in economic indicators, but on major trends. The first two chapters, taken together, give a substantial introduction to Brazil’s political economy.
Chapter three, by João Paulo M. Peixoto, gives a more detailed description of the politics and administrative practices of each of the Brazilian presidencies since 1964. Brazil was ruled by military governments from 1964 to 1985, but new presidents were installed regularly and there were important differences between their administrations. There are also many continuities, on both the political and the administrative level, between the military governments and the civilian governments that followed them. This chapter covers much of what is distinctively Brazilian about Brazilian government, as distinct from other Latin American countries.
Chapter four, by Farida Jalalzai and Pedro G. dos Santos, brings a distinctly feminist perspective to a discussion of the Dilma Rousseff government, as well as to the accomplishments and promise of Marina Silva, her leading opponent in the 2014 presidential election. Dilma Rousseff was Brazil’s first female president, and the fact that her leading opponent for the presidency is also a woman shows the remarkable progress that Brazil has made on gender issues.
In Chapter five, Inês Signorini introduces a linguistic perspective in examining the controversy over the speech patterns of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. Lula was Brazil’s first president without a university or military academy education, and his speech patterns reflect a working class background that appealed to many of his supporters but disturbed some middle class voters. Inês Signorini’s discussion highlights some important issues in Brazilian political culture.
Chapter six, by Alipio de Sousa Filho, gives a sympathetic account of the Brazilian protests of 2013, emphasizing the goals of the Free Pass movement and of the anarchist activists.
 Chapter seven, by Sue Branford and Jan Rocha looks at the political impact of the 2013 protests from the perspective of partisan politics and social movements, and especially on the 2014 presidential election campaigns. It concludes with a discussion of the reaction of the Workers Party and others on the left to the Marina Silva campaign.
The last two chapters place the Brazilian drama in theoretical perspective, drawing on concepts from political science.
Chapter eight, by Guy Burton, looks at the role of popular uprisings in Brazilian history, placing the protest movements of 2013 in a historical perspective that includes the monarchist revolts, peasant mobilization in the Canudos in the Northeast and the Contestado revolt in the south, the Vaccine Revolt of 1904, the Constitutionalist Rebellion of 1932, the pro and anti-military intervention demonstrations of 1964, the Diretas Já movement to restore democracy, and the movement to impeach Fernando Collor. Burton uses theories of presidential leadership to explain governmental responses to these movements.
The last chapter, by Ted Goertzel, uses a theory of presidential leadership taken from the work of political scientist Stephen Skowronek to compare Brazilian patterns of regime change to those in the United States and in Spanish America. It offers some insight into the alternatives for Brazil’s future.
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Paulo Roberto de Almeida

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