O que é este blog?

Este blog trata basicamente de ideias, se possível inteligentes, para pessoas inteligentes. Ele também se ocupa de ideias aplicadas à política, em especial à política econômica. Ele constitui uma tentativa de manter um pensamento crítico e independente sobre livros, sobre questões culturais em geral, focando numa discussão bem informada sobre temas de relações internacionais e de política externa do Brasil. Para meus livros e ensaios ver o website: www.pralmeida.org. Para a maior parte de meus textos, ver minha página na plataforma Academia.edu, link: https://itamaraty.academia.edu/PauloRobertodeAlmeida

sexta-feira, 6 de setembro de 2019

A Amazonia poderá ser salva de seus salvadores? Reunião em Letícia

Estou estupefato (como acontece com várias outras coisas neste governo). Tudo o que os presidentes pretendem fazer, anunciaram que vão fazer, o que têm a intenção de implementar, JÁ ESTÁ SENDO FEITO, pelo menos teoricamente.
Surpreende-me que eles anunciem belas coisas, em discursos cheios de patriotismo e de nacionalismo anti-imperialista, e se esquecem que já existe um Pacto Amazônico, e no seu seguimento uma Organização do Tratado de Cooperação Amazônica (OTCA), que tem sede em Brasília, e que justamente deveria estar sendo acionada para TUDO o que se anuncia como projetos grandiosos.
A capacidade da América Latina de esquecer o passado e começar a fazer tudo de novo, e não terminar o que é gloriosamente anunciado, é uma coisa impressionante.
Paulo Roberto de Almeida

Amazon countries sign forest pact, promising to coordinate disaster response

Ecuador’s President Lenin Moreno looks on as he arrives for the Presidential Summit for the Amazon, in Leticia, Colombia September 6, 2019.
Ecuador’s President Lenin Moreno looks on as he arrives for the Presidential Summit for the Amazon, in Leticia, Colombia September 6, 2019. 
LETICIA, Colombia (Reuters) - Seven Amazonian countries on Friday signed a pact to protect the world's largest tropical forest via disaster response coordination and satellite monitoring, amid recent fires that torched thousands of square miles of the jungle.
The presidents of Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru, the vice-president of Suriname and the natural resource minister of Guyana attended the one-day summit in the jungle city of Leticia in southern Colombia.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro participated by video link, while his foreign minister, Ernesto Araujo, attended in person.
"This meeting will live on as a coordination mechanism for the presidents that share this treasure - the Amazon," Colombian President Ivan Duque said at the signing, adding the countries will meet again at the United Nations Climate Change conference in December.
"Goodwill alone is not enough anymore," Peruvian President Martin Vizcarra added.
The countries will create a natural disaster network so they can better cooperate in the face of events like large-scale fires, the pact said.
The group will also work on reforestation initiatives, increase efforts to monitor deforestation activity via satellite, develop education initiatives and increase the role of indigenous communities in sustainable development, it added.
The countries also agreed to share information on activities like illegal mining that hurt conservation, the pact said.
The group will "work together to strengthen the programs and financial mechanisms, reiterate the commitments made by countries in these scenarios, mobilize public and private resources, including the multilateral banks, as appropriate, for the implementation of this pact."
Bolsonaro said in his remarks during the meeting that the pact was an affirmation of each country's sovereignty.
Meanwhile, Ecuadorean President Lenin Moreno opened by singing "Padre," a song by Spanish singer Joan Manuel Serrat about environmental destruction.
Forest fires in the Brazilian Amazon have surged in number by 83% this year, according to government data, destroying vast swathes of a vital bulwark against global climate change.
Some 60% of the forest is located in Brazil. The Amazon is also home to around 1 million people who are members of 500 indigenous groups.
Fires have also raged in recent weeks in Bolivia.
Bolsonaro initially accused nongovernmental organizations of setting the fires, without providing any evidence, while environmentalists have warned his plans for more agriculture and mining in the region will speed up deforestation.
The far-right firebrand engaged in a public war of words with French President Emmanuel Macron, who called for more to be done to combat the fires. [nL2N25T0BK]

(Reporting by Luis Jaime Acosta in Leticia, Colombia, and Julia Symmes Cobb and Nelson Bocanegra in Bogota; Writing by Julia Symmes Cobb; Editing by Richard Chang and Matthew Lewis)

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