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Este blog trata basicamente de ideias, se possível inteligentes, para pessoas inteligentes. Ele também se ocupa de ideias aplicadas à política, em especial à política econômica. Ele constitui uma tentativa de manter um pensamento crítico e independente sobre livros, sobre questões culturais em geral, focando numa discussão bem informada sobre temas de relações internacionais e de política externa do Brasil. Para meus livros e ensaios ver o website: www.pralmeida.org. Para a maior parte de meus textos, ver minha página na plataforma Academia.edu, link: https://itamaraty.academia.edu/PauloRobertodeAlmeida;

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quinta-feira, 31 de outubro de 2019

Meu texto sobre a integração regional entre os Top Ten de SSRN

Acabo de receber, mas não vou receber nada por isso, apenas um pouco de afago no amor próprio:

Dear Paulo Roberto de Almeida:

Your paper, "REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN LATIN AMERICA: HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTS, CURRENT CHALLENGES, ESPECIALLY IN MERCOSUR", was recently listed on SSRN's Top Ten download list for: PSN: Latin America/South America (Topic).

As of 31 October 2019, your paper has been downloaded 147 times. You may view the abstract and download statistics at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3182150.

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Regional Integration in Latin America: Historical Developments, Current Challenges, Especially in Mercosur


Regional integration in Latin America has a long history dating back the wars for independence in the 19th century. Notwithstanding, there is no need, for our purposes, to go back to the autonomist struggles of Simon Bolivar and other political and military leaders at the beginning of the 19th century, and to their premature attempts to forge an alliance between the many former Spanish colonies being liberated, because those efforts were most of a political nature and did not result in any institutional innovation at that time. 
At the beginning of the Eighties, a new wave of democratization touched Latin America, with the return to civilian and elected regimes, particularly in Argentina (1983) and Brazil (1985), which signaled a new emphasis on economic integration. But the European model of a common market was too much ambitious for Latin American countries, which were in a de facto preferential trade area, with the signing, a few years earlier, of the second Montevideo Treaty (1980), performing a flexible bilateral trade network among the members of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI). The change from ALALC to ALADI was permitted by a decision under the Tokyo Round of multilateral trade negotiations (1979), which enabled developing contracting parties of the GATT system to exchange more limited trade liberalization than previously disciplined by Article 24 of GATT, which settled the rules for exceptions to the most-favored-nation clause, under the free trade or custom union formats. Mercosur was created in 1991, and since 1999 it is undergoing a structural crisis. 

Almeida, Paulo Roberto de, Regional Integration in Latin America: Historical Developments, Current Challenges, Especially in Mercosur (April 13, 2018). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3182150 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3182150

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